National Security Perspectives on Climate Change from Around the World
Andrew Holland and Xander Vagg
21 March 2013
• Climate change is real and it is happening now. Its effects are having an impact on the security and stability of virtually every country around the world.
• The governments and militaries of an overwhelming majority of countries – at least 110 – have identified climate change as a threat to their security. Many have fully integrated it into their defense and national security planning documents.
• Defense documents and statements by Heads of State are important signifiers of a country’s priorities. The importance of climate change in these documents show that the world is demanding action to address this issue.
The American Security Project’s Climate Change and Global Security Defense Index seeks to detail how governments around the world, and militaries in particular, plan for and anticipate the strategic threats of climate change. This project is seeking to determine to what extent governments around the world consider climate change to be a national or international security threat, and how have they enshrined such a concern in their official documents and statements.
See also: Rio+20: o legado (que ainda é) possível (in Portuguese)